Bloat is a common health problem in deep-chested breed of dogs. The dilation of the stomach due to entrapment of the fluids/food/gas is typically called bloating in dogs. However if along with the entrapment there is also the rotation of the stomach on its long axis then the condition is called gastric-dilation volvulus which could even prove fatal to the dog. Let’s just say that bloat could be an early sign of volvulus. Therefore if you notice any of the following symptoms then immediately take your pet to the veterinarian.
Common signs of bloat/gastric-dilation volvulus are:
Apart from these common symptoms there could sometimes be no warning at all before your dog goes into hypertensive shock due to stomach rotation. Therefore if you suspect that your dog’s stomach is bloating then immediately take him to a veterinarian. Bloat or volvulus mostly occurs in deep chested dog breeds like Irish setters, German Shepherds, Great Dane, Akitas, Saint Bernards to name a few. However this problem could affect any dog.
Here are some common causes of bloat or gastric-dilation volvulus:
Vigorous exercise immediately before or after meal
Eating one large meal once daily/quickly eating lot of food
Drinking water immediately after eating dry dog food.
Eating meals from bowls kept on a raised platform etc.
Gastric dilation volvulus or bloat should not be taken lightly for they have a 50% chance of recurring and most of the time prove fatal for your beloved pooch. Also since the time it takes for the bloat to get worse is just a few hours. Therefore on slightest suspicion of bloat in your dog rush him immediately to a nearby veterinarian. Hope these tips will help you in providing excellent pet care. Remember a healthy dog is a happy dog. Good luck!
Recently one of our member’s dog has been diagnosed with diabetes. This made us realize that Diabetes in dogs & cats is one of the lesser known disease. This incident inspired this blog basically. Although the diabetes is not curable yet it is treatable. Aside from older dogs, bigger dogs are more susceptible to dog diabetes than smaller breeds. Some other risk factors are gender, diet, age and weight. Also Diabetes in dogs is a hereditary disease. Even cats are susceptible to diabetes. We have tried to summarize somesymptoms of diabetes in dogs & cats:
Weakness or Fatigue – Diabetes can cause wasting of back muscles or weakness in the back legs of cats. With dogs there may just be a general sense of lethargy, being less active, or sleeping more.
Increased thirst – Drinking more water than usual, known as polydipsia, is an early warning sign of diabetes.
Increased Urination – Urinating more frequently, producing more urine throughout the day, or having “accidents” in the house may mean your cat or dog has developed polyuria, another early warning sign of diabetes that goes hand in hand with polydipsia.
Increased Hunger – If your cat or dog suddenly acts as if it is always starving, despite eating the usual amount (known as polyphagia), and maintains or loses weight despite increased food intake, this can be a sign of diabetes as well.
Sudden weight loss – Though a diabetic pet may show signs of being hungrier than ever, sudden weight loss is a common occurrence because diabetes can cause an increased metabolism.
Obesity – Obesity can actually cause diabetes to develop; therefore, if your pet is obese you should keep an eye on it to determine if it is developing any symptoms of diabetes.
Thinning or dull hair – Thinning, dry, or dull hair, particularly along the back. Thinning hair is generally a symptom of some illness, diabetes included, so it is best to visit your veterinarian to determine the cause.
Cloudy eyes – A common complication of diabetes in dogs is cataracts, or cloudy eyes. Cataracts can lead to blindness if not monitored.
Depression – A later sign of diabetes in dogs and cats is ketoacidosis, metabolic acidosis caused by the breakdown of fat and proteins in the liver in response to insulin deficiency. Ketones in the body in high amounts are toxic, and this imbalance in the body of your pet can cause depression.
Vomiting – Another side effect of ketoacidosis, if your pet’s diabetes has escalated to this point before it’s been recognized, is vomiting. Ketoacidosis is more commonly found in older pets and in females. Dachshunds and Miniature Poodles are also predisposed to it.
We strongly recommend you to take your pooch to the vet immediately if you notice any of these symptoms. And if in case your dog is suffering from diabetes then no need to get discouraged as there are many incidences when an early diagnosis has led to a relatively longer, normal life for the dog. With few extra precautions regarding the diet of the dog and medicines will help you and your best friend sail through this.
For other useful articles regarding Cat & Dog health please visit our website www.tailwaggers.in
Spaying/neutering is an essential part of your responsibilities as a pet owner. However before proceeding you should have a complete knowledge about the basics. Spaying as we say is removing the ovaries and uterus of a female pet and is a veterinary procedure that requires minimal hospitalization and offers lifelong health benefits. Whereas Neutering is removing the testicles of your male dog or cat and is proven to vastly improve your pet’s behavior and keep him close to home. Unlike common misconception, spaying/neutering your pet is not at all harmful. Instead it has added health benefits if done at the right age.
If you are having doubts about your pet’s sterilization then read on as we give you top 10 reasons to spay or neuter your pet!
Give your female pet a longer, healthier life.
Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer, which is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Spaying your pet before her first heat offers the best protection from these diseases.
Provide major health benefits for your male.
Besides preventing unwanted litters, neutering your male companion prevents testicular cancer, if done before six months of age.
Say goodbye to your female’s heat woes.
While cycles can vary, female felines usually go into heat four to five days every three weeks during breeding season. In an effort to advertise for mates, they’ll yowl and urinate more frequently—sometimes all over the house! Unlike humans dog/cat females do not have adverse effect if their heat cycles are stopped.
Keep your male dog from wandering away from home or getting lost.
An intact male will do just about anything to find a mate! That includes digging his way under the fence and making like Houdini to escape from the house. And once he’s free to roam, he risks injury in traffic and fights with other males not to mention getting dognapped for illegal dog fights.
Get a better behaved pet in your neutered male.
Neutered cats and dogs focus their attention on their human families. On the other hand, unneutered dogs and cats may mark their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all over the house. Many aggression problems can be avoided by early neutering.
Spaying or neutering will NOT make your pet fat.
It is an age old misconception propagated by lazy and irresponsible owners. The truth is that lack of exercise and overfeeding causes your pet to pack on the extra pounds—not neutering. Your pet will remain fit and trim as long as you continue to provide exercise and monitor food intake.
Saves you from frequent and costly trips to your vet.
It is highly cost-effective as the cost of your pet’s spay/neuter surgery is a lot less than the cost of having and caring for a litter. It also beats the cost of treatment when your unneutered male escapes and gets into fights with the neighborhood stray!
Spaying and neutering your pet is good for the community.
Stray animals pose a real problem in many parts of the country. They can prey on wildlife, cause car accidents, damage the local fauna and frighten children. Spaying and neutering packs a powerful punch and is a totally humane way of reducing the number of animals on the streets. This step not only reduces dog menace but also cruelty on stray animals.
Spaying and neutering helps fight pet overpopulation.
Every year, millions of cats and dogs of all ages and breeds end up in shelters and are ultimately euthanized or suffer as strays. These high numbers are the result of unplanned litters that could have been prevented by spaying or neutering. It is highly irresponsible to bring pups/kittens to life when their future is so dark and unreliable.
Abandoning unwanted litter is not a very good life lesson for your children.
Letting your pet produce offspring you have no intention of keeping is not a good lesson for your children—especially when so many unwanted animals end up in shelters.
Though there is a lot of awareness about how to treat injuries like fractures or swelling as well as what to do when your dog gets diarrhea or vomits but not many people know how to handle dog burns. A common truth that every pet owner faces is that however careful you may be, sometimes accidents do happen. The majority of burn wounds in dogs occur in the home and are categorized as thermal (heat), chemical and electrical. We strongly advise you to take your dog to the vet immediately when burn accidents happen but in the meantime you should know these handy tips also:
The least dangerous and easily treatable dog burns are superficial thermal burns which can be treated by immersion of the affected skin in cold water or by applying an ice pack. Then you should remove any hair or debris from the burn wound and gently pat dry. Do not use oil-based medications on a burn wound. Prefer medical creams which will help prevent infection and does not interfere with burn wound healing. Ask your vet to suggest such medicines to use just in case. A non-stick telfa pad can then be applied followed by a light bandage to hold it in place. If the burn wound becomes infected or is not healing, veterinary care is needed.
A more serious burn is deep thermal burns which extend below the surface of the skin and require immediate veterinary care. You should place a cloth loosely over the burn area (Do not rinse with water or place any medications on the burn wound) and then head to a veterinarian immediately. Since these burn wounds are serious and very painful hence some dogs may even go into shock.
Then there are Electrical burns which are usually the result of a dog biting into an electrical cord. These burns are seen on the lips and tongue (where the dog bit the cord) but the dog’s entire body received an electrical shock. If you see your dog bite an electrical cord, do not touch the dog or try to pull the cord from its mouth as you may get shocked. First pull the plug from the outlet before doing anything else. If your dog is unconscious then check for breathing and a heartbeat or pulse. If breathing or the heart has stopped you may need to perform CPR. Whenever your dog is a victim of any electrical burn or shock, even if he seems fine, seek immediate veterinary care.
Lastly there are Chemical burns (acid or alkali compounds) which are most common as well. These may occur on the surface of the body or may be ingested. Rinsing the chemical off with water should be done as soon as possible. However, if you know the compound is an acid, you can rinse the area with baking soda dissolved in water. If the compound is alkaline, then vinegar and water may be used. If your dog ingested the compound, check the container to see if there is an antidote and seek veterinary care immediately.
One of the lesser known but widely affecting disease in dogs is Perianalfistulas (fissures). These are pus-filled, tunnel-like lesions that can form in the anal cavity and spread to the skin area around the anus in dogs. Perianal fistulas cause severe pain and can greatly reduce the quality of life for your dog. German shepherds are most affected by this disease however it is also seen in other large breeds such as Irish setter. Many of the breeds which suffer from perianal fistulas tend to have a broad sloping tail head which may actually predispose them to the formation of fistulas. Perianal fissures could be extremely painful for your dog and requires immediate treatment hence it is necessary that you understand the symptoms and take your dog immediately to the vet. Some common symptoms of this disease are:
Excruciating Pain while passing stool (sometimes the dog cries while defecating).
Mucous in the stool.
Excessive licking and biting around the tail area.
Earlier surgery was used to remove the fistula or the skin covering each tract. Recently immunosuppressive drugs have replaced surgery. Perianal fistulas have a tendency to recur; therefore the pet owners should be extra careful once your dog has been treated. It is highly advisable to get your dog to the vet as soon as you identify these symptoms.
There are so many times when you get worried about the rough paw pads of your dog. Usually rough or dry paw pads in dogs are not an issue as they need to be hard because they are their socks and shoes. However sometimes dogs could have extremely dry paw pads similar to the dryness of human feet, which can lead to cracking. In these times the paw needs attention. Some reasons and remedies for cracked paws are:
During the winter months dogs exposed to snow, ice, ice melting products and frozen pavement are likely to develop dry pads. Exposure to lawn products, fertilizers and indoor floor cleaners may also contribute to dry and cracked paws. Avoid exposing your dog to lawn chemicals and salted concrete. You can use dog booties in winters also. If your dog doesn’t like them or otherwise, it is advisable to check his paws every time you come back from a walk. In case of cracked paw pads you can apply Vaseline (Petroleum Jelly) Or Some Coconut Oilto keep them moist.
Low zinc levels, to the point of deficiency, can cause dryness and in turn cracking of dog paw pads. If you suspect this kind of deficiency then take him to your vet. Omega-3 is a good source for Zinc and is found in fish oils. Fish oils should only be introduced in small doses to your dog’s diet as its excess can cause diarrhea in dogs. However always consult your vet before introducing any kind of item in his diet.
Skin infections could also be the reason behind cracked paw pads. A less common cause of cracked pads is yeast infections, which must be diagnosed by a veterinarian. For skin infections, small cuts and inflammation in your dog’s paws you can apply a mixture of apple cider vinegar with 50% of water. Even if the dog licks it, it is great for their inner healing and digestion.
It is always good to consult your vet before experimenting on your pup with any major home remedies. We hope that your pooch’s paws always remain one “happy feet”. Good Luck.