One of the lesser known but widely affecting disease in dogs is Perianal fistulas (fissures). These are pus-filled, tunnel-like lesions that can form in the anal cavity and spread to the skin area around the anus in dogs. Perianal fistulas cause severe pain and can greatly reduce the quality of life for your dog. German shepherds are most affected by this disease however it is also seen in other large breeds such as Irish setter. Many of the breeds which suffer from perianal fistulas tend to have a broad sloping tail head which may actually predispose them to the formation of fistulas. Perianal fissures could be extremely painful for your dog and requires immediate treatment hence it is necessary that you understand the symptoms and take your dog immediately to the vet. Some common symptoms of this disease are:
- Excruciating Pain while passing stool (sometimes the dog cries while defecating).
- Bloody diarrhea.
- Mucous in the stool.
- Excessive licking and biting around the tail area.
Earlier surgery was used to remove the fistula or the skin covering each tract. Recently immunosuppressive drugs have replaced surgery. Perianal fistulas have a tendency to recur; therefore the pet owners should be extra careful once your dog has been treated. It is highly advisable to get your dog to the vet as soon as you identify these symptoms.
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